عنوان مقاله [English]
By the mid – ninth century, the cultivation of opium was not prevalent as the result of domestic consumption. In the ninth century, the economic global changes led some products i.e. opium to become economical goods in countries like Iran. Subsequently, this change had impact on some economic conditions of this period including land owing and employment. The lucrative trade of opium and poppy concluded that the Iranian merchants and wealthy princess purchased land for cultivation of such products. Consequently, a new class of landowner was formed. This issue caused a significant increase in land price and also land was considered to be a capital goods. In employment field, the growth of opium cultivation concluded the employment of more labors for accumulation of this product in large scale. Subsequently, the wages of these labors were paid in cash. Such issue led to the enhancement in the relations between employer and employee. The present study tries to investigate the commercialization of opium and its effects on land status and occupational relations in Qajar era based on historical references with analytical- descriptive approach.