عنوان مقاله [English]
The foundation of modern schools remarkably developed at the end of Qajar era. Such schools were established and controlled by merchants and political and cultural characters. Duringperiod of Pahlavid I, a great effort was made for alerting the cultural institutes. The rapidly spread of these newinstitutes and the elimination of traditional ones were concluded from this cultural change. Among the number of culturalinstitutes which were constructed duringperiod of Pahlavid I, Iranian foreign schools were such these ones. Iranian schools in Mesopotamia(Iraq) were one of the most important of them.This article aims to reply the following questions by employing document studies and descriptive_ analytical approach: What are the reasons of foundation of Iranian schools in Iraq? And how did such schools effect on spreading of Persian language and literature? The hypothesis of this study is that Iranian schools in Iraq had a significant influence on the propagation ofPersian language and literature.